Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder, also known as ARFID, is a category of eating disorder that is atypical to the more common eating disorders of anorexia nervosa or bulimia. ARFID includes those with OCD or emetophobia whose restrictive eating patterns become a medical concern that needs treatment above and beyond the standard treatment for OCD or emetophobia.
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Little is currently known about effective treatment interventions for individuals presenting with ARFID. However, given the prominent avoidance behaviors, it seems likely that behavioral interventions, such as forms of exposure therapy, will play an important role. For someone with an emotional disturbance such as depression or anxiety that affects feeding (such as in FAED), cognitive behavioral therapy and other treatments for the underlying condition may be an effective approach for treatment of the eating disorder.